Periodic Table Full Form: Understanding the History and Significance of the Elements Chart in Chemistry

Do you know what is the Periodic Table Full Form? Let us explore the full form of the periodic table and its importance in the field of chemistry as well as a comprehensive description of each element including its symbol, atomic number, name, atomic mass and placement in the periodic table.

What Is a Periodic Table?

The periodic table is one of the fundamental tools in the field of chemistry. Also known as the periodic table of elements and the modern periodic table, it is a chart that arranges all the known elements in a specific order based on their properties. The periodic table full form includes a significant amount of information regarding each element, and its full form provides extensive information about the elements in a systematic manner.

History of Modern Periodic Table

The modern periodic table was created in 1869 by a Russian chemist named Dmitri Mendeleev. However, it is important to note that the concept of the periodic table was proposed before Mendeleev by other scientists including John Newlands and Julius Lothar Meyer. Nevertheless, Mendeleev’s periodic table is widely recognized as the most comprehensive and influential version of the periodic table.

Understanding the Periodic Table Full Form

Symbols of Elements

The full form of the periodic table includes a lot of details regarding each element. It starts with the symbol that represents each element, which is a shortened version of its name. For example, the symbol for gold is Au, which comes from the Latin word for gold, Aurum. The symbol is followed by its atomic number, which is equal to the number of protons the element has in its nucleus. This number is unique to each element, and it determines where the element is placed in the periodic table.

Name of Elements

The next piece of information included in the periodic table is the element’s name. This is the full name of the element, and it is typically derived from either the name of the scientist who discovered it, a mineral or a place where it was first found, or some relevant property of the element. For example, the name sulfur is derived from the Latin word ‘sulfur,’ which means “to burn.”

Name of Elements

Another important piece of information included in the periodic table is the weight of the element, often referred to as its atomic mass. This number is determined by the total number of protons plus neutrons in the element, which can vary slightly from one isotope to another. The atomic mass is expressed in atomic mass units (AMU), and it is used to calculate other properties of the element.

Atomic Number of Elements

The periodic table is arranged in specific rows and columns, which are referred to as periods and groups, respectively. Each period represents a different energy level of electrons that an element has, while each group contains elements with similar chemical properties. The first two rows of the periodic table contain only two elements, hydrogen and helium, as they have only one and two electrons, respectively. The remaining rows have longer rows and accommodate more elements.

Periodic Table Full Form

Periodic Table With Its Full Form

Atomic NumberSymbol Full NameSymbolAtomic Mass (amu, g/mol)
1HydrogenH1.00797
2HeliumHe4.00260
3LithiumLi6.941
4BerylliumBe9.01218
5BoronB10.81
6CarbonC12.011
7NitrogenN14.0067
8OxygenO15.9994
9FluorineF18.998403
10NeonNe20.179
11SodiumNa22.98977
12MagnesiumMg24.305
13AluminumAl26.98154
14SiliconSi28.0855
15PhosphorusP30.97376
16SulfurS32.06
17ChlorineCl35.453
18ArgonAr39.948
19PotassiumK39.0983
20CalciumCa40.08
21ScandiumSc44.9559
22TitaniumTi47.90
23VanadiumV50.9415
24ChromiumCr51.996
25ManganeseMn54.9380
26IronFe55.847
27CobaltCo58.9332
28NickelNi58.70
29CopperCu63.546
30ZincZn65.38
31GalliumGa69.72
32GermaniumGe72.59
33ArsenicAs74.9216
34SeleniumSe78.96
35BromineBr79.904
36KryptonKr83.80
37RubidiumRb85.4678
38StrontiumSr87.62
39YttriumY88.9059
40ZirconiumZr91.22
41NiobiumNb92.9064
42MolybdenumMo95.94
43TechnetiumTc(98)
44RutheniumRu101.07
45RhodiumRh102.9055
46PalladiumPd106.4
47SilverAg107.868
48CadmiumCd112.41
49IndiumIn114.82
50TinSn118.69
51AntimonySb121.75
52TelluriumTe127.60
53IodineI126.9045
54XenonXe131.30
55CesiumCs132.9054
56BariumBa137.33
57LanthanumLa138.9055
58CeriumCe140.12
59PraseodymiumPr140.9077
60NeodymiumNd144.24
61PromethiumPm(145)
62SamariumSm150.4
63EuropiumEu151.96
64GadoliniumGd157.25
65TerbiumTb158.9254
66DysprosiumDy162.50
67HolmiumHo164.9304
68ErbiumEr167.26
69ThuliumTm168.9342
70YtterbiumYb173.04
71LutetiumLu174.967
72HafniumHf178.49
73TantalumTa180.9479
74TungstenW183.85
75RheniumRe186.207
76OsmiumOs190.2
77IridiumIr192.22
78PlatinumPt195.09
79GoldAu196.9665
80MercuryHg200.59
81ThalliumTl204.37
82LeadPb207.2
83BismuthBi208.9804
84PoloniumPo(209)
85AstatineAt(210)
86RadonRn(222)
87FranciumFr(223)
88RadiumRa226.0254
89ActiniumAc227.0278
90ThoriumTh232.0381
91ProtactiniumPa231.0359
92UraniumU238.029
93NeptuniumNp237.0482
94PlutoniumPu(242)
95AmericiumAm(243)
96CuriumCm(247)
97BerkeliumBk(247)
98CaliforniumCf(251)
99EinsteiniumEs(252)
100FermiumFm(257)
101MendeleviumMd(258)
102NobeliumNo(250)
103LawrenciumLr(260)
104RutherfordiumRf(261)
105DubniumDb(262)
106SeaborgiumSg(263)
107BohriumBh(262)
108HassiumHs(255)
109MeitneriumMt(256)
110DarmstadtiumDs(269)
111RoentgeniumRg(272)
112UnunbiiumUub(277)
113—————
114UnunquadiumUuq 

In conclusion, a periodic table is an essential tool for chemists in understanding the properties of elements. Its full form provides a systematic and comprehensive overview of each element’s characteristics, including its symbol, atomic number, name, atomic mass, and placement in the periodic table. This information is crucial in studying chemical properties and the behaviour of the elements in chemical reactions.

FAQs- What is the Periodic Table Full Form?

What is the Periodic Table Full Form?

The Periodic Table Full Form refers to a systematic and comprehensive overview of each element’s characteristics, including its symbol, atomic number, name, atomic mass, and placement in the periodic table.

What is the significance of the symbol of an element in the Periodic Table Full Form?

The symbol of an element in the periodic table is a shortened version of its name, and it is used to represent the element in chemical formulas and equations.

What is the meaning of the atomic number in the Periodic Table in Full Form?

The atomic number of an element in the periodic table is the number of protons it has in its nucleus. This number is unique to each element and determines where the element is placed in the periodic table.

What is the importance of the arrangement of the periodic table?

The periodic table is arranged in specific rows and columns, which are referred to as periods and groups, respectively. This arrangement helps in understanding the properties and behaviour of elements based on their position in the table.

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