Do you know what is the OCI Full Form? OCI is an abbreviation for Indian nationality that is used for the outer side people of Indian origin, who want to become settled in India. The OCI Full Form is Overseas Citizens of India. It is an important section of Indian politics which is asked in major subjects in the UPSC IAS exam. This article will share knowledge about the OCI, OCI card, eligibility, and rights with you. Read this article to the bottom to know more about what is the OCI’s full meaning and what is the OCI card in India.
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What is the OCI?
The full form of OCI is Overseas Citizens of India. The OCI (Overseas Citizenship of India) main purpose is to give permanent residency to Indian-origin people and their spouses and the OCI form allows them to live and work in India indefinitely. Despite its name, the OCI does not stand for Indian citizenship and does not give permission to vote or public office in India. The Indian government has a wide range of options for revoking OCI status. In the Indian Overseas Diaspora, there are 6 million OCI card holders as of 2020.
What is the Brief History of OCI?
In response to the Indian Diaspora’s aspirations for dual citizenship, particularly in developed nations, the Citizenship Act, of 1955 was amended in August 2005 to create the Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) Scheme. It was introduced in 2006 in Hyderabad during the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas conference.
Who is known as an Overseas Citizen of India?
A person who is legally a citizen of another nation but has an Indian origin is known as an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI). Except for individuals who are or were citizens of Pakistan, Bangladesh, or any other restricted nation, they were Indian citizens on January 26, 1950, or later. For the long duration of stay in India, registered Overseas Citizens of India are granted a multipurpose, lifetime visa and are also exempt from registration with a foreign regional registration officer or a foreign registration officer.
What is an OCI Card?
The OCI card was launched in 2005 as part of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act to satisfy the desire for dual citizenship among Indians residing in several Developed nations. The OCI card grants Overseas Citizenship of India, allowing holders to reside and work in India for an indeterminate amount of time, but it does not grant the ability to exercise one’s right to vote, hold public office, or acquire land.
How to apply for OCI Card?
You can apply for an OCI card through the below-mentioned process:
You first need to log in to: https://ociservices.gov.in/.
The following documents are needed to complete this process:
- The Application form must be filled out and signed
- Evidence of current citizenship
- Applicant’s thumb impression and signature
- Applicant’s current passport-size photo
- Prove themselves to as the citizens of India such as parents, grandparents or great-grandfathers.
- Evidence as a parent, grandparents or great-grandfather relationship, if their Indian origin is requested to registration as OCI card holder for registration for Aadhar
- Evidence as a citizen of India or a husband or wife of an OCI card holder
Eligibility for Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) Card
Before applying for the OCI scheme, a person needs to fulfil the following eligibility criteria:
- He/she is a citizen of any other country of Indian origin. He/she was an Indian citizen at the time the constitution was enacted or earlier; or
- he/she is a citizen of any other country, but at the time of starting the Constitution was eligible for citizenship of India;
- He/she is a minor child whose parents are either both nationals of India or just one of both them and
- he/she is a citizen of any other country but belongs to a region that became a part of India after the independence (after the 15th of august 1947); or
- he/she is a child/grandson/great-grandson of a such citizen; either
- Spouse of Foreign Origin of Indian Citizen or OCI Cardholder
Note: Anyone with Pakistan or Bangladesh citizenship is not qualified to apply for the OCI card. Even individuals with a background of serving in a foreign army are not qualified for this scheme.
Registered Overseas Citizens of India ( OCI Full Form) are not entitled to many rights which are provided to a citizen of India:
- In relation to public employment, the Constitution’s Article 16 guarantees the right to equality of opportunity.
- Article 58 and Article 66 provide the right to elect a President and Vice President
- Under article 124 and article 217 of the Constitution, they are not authorized to the rights
- Under section 16 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950(43 of 1950), the Right to register as a voter
- For being a member of the State Council/Legislative Assembly/Legislative Council, rights with regard to the eligibility
- For the appointment of any person to posts in the public services of any State or Union affairs.
Other OCI Full Forms
Read all OCI word-related full forms here:
|Overseas Citizens of India
|Open Circuit Interval
|Computer and Networking
|Open Communication Interface
|On Campus Interviewing
|Oracle Call Interface
|Other Comprehensive Income
|Accounts and Finance
|One Chance In
|Office of The Commissioner of Insurance
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