What Is The OBC Full Form: OBC Meaning and History of the Term

Do you know what is the OBC Full Form? The full form of OBC is Other Backward Classes. In India, Other Backward Classes (OBCs) are people who have been historically marginalized and discriminated against due to their social and economic status. The Indian government recognizes OBCs as a socially and educationally disadvantaged category and has implemented various policies to empower and uplift them.

What is the OBC Full Form?

OBC – Other Backward Classes

What are the Other Backward Classes?

The OBC category includes people from various castes and ethnic groups who have been left behind in the development process. These communities are identified based on their social, educational, and economic status. The OBC category is not limited to any particular religion or region and is recognized nationally.

History of OBC Category

The OBC category emerged in the 1980s when the government of India formed the Mandal Commission to identify and classify communities that were socially and educationally backwards. The commission based its classification on a survey that analyzed the social, economic, and educational status of various communities across the country.

Important Legislations and Commissions on OBCs

The Mandal Commission Report was a significant milestone in the recognition of OBCs as a marginalized group in India. In 1993, the Indian government implemented the recommendations of the Mandal Commission and introduced the OBC reservation policy in government jobs and educational institutions. Since then, various other commissions and policies have been introduced to empower and uplift the OBC community.

OBC Caste Population in India

India’s OBC community has long represented a sizable portion of the country’s population. The OBCs made up 52% of the population, per the 1980 Mandal Commission report. The OBC population, however, was reported to be 41% in a report from the National Sample Survey Organisation in 2006. Despite these official figures, many experts think that India’s OBC population actually exceeds what is currently reported.

Reservation System for OBC Community

To ensure the social and educational advancement of socially and educationally backward classes (SEBC) in India, the government has implemented a reservation system for Other Backward Classes (OBCs). This system guarantees OBCs a 27% quota in both public sector employment and higher education. The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment regularly updates the list of OBCs, adding and removing castes and communities based on social, educational, and economic factors. As of January 2016, 21.57% of central government jobs were held by OBCs, a number that has been increasing since September 1993, according to Union Minister Jitendra Singh’s response to a question in the Lok Sabha.

However, the reservation policy for OBCs has not been without its challenges. In 2015, there were reports of mismanagement and underutilization of funds allocated for OBC students in educational institutions. This included the misuse of funds for renovations and the failure to hire OBCs as teachers in accordance with the 49% reservation policy. These issues highlight the need for proper implementation and monitoring of the reservation system to ensure that OBCs receive the full benefits of the policy.

Other OBC Full Forms

If you want to know more about other full forms of OBC Word see the below table:

TermFull FormCategory
OBCOther Backward ClassesIndian Government Caste Reservation
OBCObockAirport Code
OBCOutward Bills for CollectionBanking
OBCOn Board CourierMilitary and Defence
OBCObey Before ComplainMilitary and Defence
OBCOrdnance Basic CourseMilitary and Defence
OBCOptical Bar Camera (u-2 Sensor)Military and Defence
OBCOfficer Basic CourseMilitary and Defence
OBCOriental Bank of CommercePublic Sector Bank in India
OBCOn Board CameraSpace Science
OBCOnboard ComputerSpace Science
OBCOn Board ComputerSpace Science

FAQs- What is the OBC Full Form?

Q.1. What is the OBC Full Form?

Ans. The full form of OBC is Other Backward Classes.

Q.2. What does OBC mean in India?

Ans. In India, OBC stands for Other Backward Classes, which refers to a group of socially and educationally disadvantaged communities.

Q.3. Who belongs to the OBC category in India?

Ans. The OBC category in India includes communities that have historically faced social and educational disadvantages and are therefore entitled to certain benefits and reservations.

Q.4. What are the benefits of belonging to the OBC category in India?

Ans. OBCs in India are entitled to a 27% quota in public sector employment and higher education, as well as other benefits and reservations in various government schemes and programs.

Q.5. Is the OBC category applicable in all states of India?

Ans. Yes, the OBC category is applicable in all states of India, although the list of communities included in the category may vary from state to state.

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OBC Full Form