What Is CGPA Full Form & CGPA Meaning, Definition, Calculation, and Importance

Do you know what is the CGPA Full Form? The full form of CGPA is Cumulative Grade Point Average. Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is a measure of a student’s overall academic performance during the course of study. It is calculated by averaging the grade points earned by the student over a period of time, usually a semester or academic year.

What is CGPA Full Form?

CGPA Full Form – Cumulative Grade Point Average

CGPA is a commonly used metric in schools and colleges to measure the academic performance of a student. This is determined by awarding grades of A, B, C, D, or F based on the student’s average grade points in all subjects, excluding any additional ones specified in the study plan. The grading system used in India is linked to the percentage of marks obtained, while other countries may have their own unique approach and values based on their own institutional standards and ideals.

Method to Calculate CGPA in Percentage

For example, a student has obtained the following grades and grade points in a semester:

  • English: B (3.0-grade points)
  • Math: A (4.0-grade points)
  • Science: A- (3.7-grade points)
  • History: B+ (3.3-grade points)
  • Total credits attempted: 16

To calculate the CGPA of this student, we add up the grade points earned in all courses and divide by the total credits attempted:

  • Total grade points = 3.0 + 4.0 + 3.7 + 3.3 = 14.0
  • CGPA = Total grade points / Total credits attempted = 14.0 / 16 = 0.875

Now, to convert this CGPA to a percentage, we use the formula:

  • Overall percentage of marks = 9.5 x Overall CGPA

Using this formula, the overall percentage of marks obtained by the student is:

  • Overall percentage of marks = 9.5 x 0.875 = 8.3125
  • So, the student’s overall percentage of marks is 83.125%.

Indian CGPA System

The Indian CGPA system is presented in the table below, although there may be slight variations in the system across different universities and courses:

Marks ObtainedLetter GradeNumerical GradeCategory
≥90O10Outstanding
<90 ≥80A+9Excellent
<80 ≥70A8Very Good
<70 ≥60B+7Good
<60 ≥50B6Above Average
<50 ≥45C5Average
<45 ≥40D4Pass
<40F0Fail

Difference Between CGPA and GPA

Grade Point Average (GPA) is a measure of a student’s academic performance over a semester or academic year. It is calculated by dividing the total number of grade points earned by the total number of credit hours taken in that particular term.

On the other hand, Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is a measure of a student’s overall academic performance throughout his/her academic career. It is calculated by averaging the grade points earned by the student over a period of time, usually a semester or academic year.

FAQs – What is the CGPA Full Form?

What is the CGPA Full Form?

The full form of CGPA is Cumulative Grade Point Average.

How is CGPA calculated?

CGPA is calculated by averaging the grade points earned by a student over a period of time, typically a semester or academic year.

What is the purpose of CGPA?

CGPA is used to measure a student’s overall academic performance throughout their entire academic career.

How is CGPA different from GPA?

GPA is calculated for a single semester or academic year, while CGPA takes into account a student’s academic performance over their entire academic career.

Where is CGPA used?

CGPA is used by schools, colleges, and universities to determine academic standing, eligibility for honours and awards, and progression to higher levels of study. It is also used by employers and graduate schools to evaluate a student’s academic performance.

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CGPA Full Form